Promoting Physical Activity and Active Living in Urban Environments: The Role of Local Governments
Does the Built Environment Influence Physical Activity?
3. Background Paper: National Action and Opportunities to Address the Relationship between Built Environments, Physical Activity and Obesity
Chronic Disease Prevention Alliance of Canada
This 35-page background paper scans the landscape in terms of current concepts, approaches, organizations and opportunities regarding the built environment. Of particular interest are the descriptions and links to many relevant links. (2006)
4. "Has The Suburban Dream Gone Sour" 2005 Report Card on Canadian's Health.
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
The 2005 version of the HSFC Report Card focuses on increasing public awareness of issues concerning the built environment.
5. Go for Green
Go for Green is a national charitable organization that encourages Canadians to pursue healthy, outdoor physical activities that protect, enhance or restore the environment. They inform Canadians about healthy, active lifestyle choices, and nurture commitment and action to improve personal health and the health of the environment. They are the national leaders in Active Transportation.
Retrofitting Communities for Sustainable and Healthy Active Transportation
This document provides guidelines on how to rework the physical environment of communities so they are more conducive to active transportation. Sections include Overcoming Obstacles, Retrofitting-What You Can Do, Implementation Strategies and Success Stories. Target audience: Urban planners and engineers.
6. Active Cities: An Opportunity for Leadership By the Big City Mayors Caucus
Canadian Federation of Municipalities
The purpose of this brief is to showcase the window for leadership that exists for the Big City Mayors Caucus (BCMC.) The BCMC can make the connection between the imbalance in investment and renewal of city infrastructure, the rise in youth obesity and inactivity rates, and the primacy of a local response through sport, recreation, physical activity, and active transportation. Document developed in collaboration with the Canadian Federation of Municipalities.
7. Active Living Research
This U.S. Active Living Program is supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and is administered by San Diego State University. They “stimulate and support research that identifies environmental factors and policies that influence physical activity by helping to develop a new transdisciplinary field of active living researchers, offering grants to help build the evidence base, and provides a resource centre of literature citations and active living news.
"Models for Change" - 12 case studies of lessons on creating active living communities
8. Residential Intensification Case Studies
Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation
These 12 case studies are successful examples showing how municipalities, in partnership with local stakeholders and/or senior governments, can significantly contribute to the intensification of existing urban areas using a wide variety of instruments. This includes financial incentives, such as grants, tax credits, and waiving development charges, as well as flexible zoning, marketing vacant lands and mediation.
9. The Pan Canadian Physical Activity Strategy
Coalition for Active Living
A blueprint for creating sustainable long-term change for physical activity in Canada, the strategy identifies priorities that are essential for long-term success and builds a framework for action in the short-to-mid term. Physical activity must be re-engineered into daily life by ensuring that communities where Canadians live, learn, commute, work, and play are barrier-free.
10. A Municipal Perspective on Opportunities for Physical Activity 2000 - 2004
Canadian Fitness and Lifestyle Research Institute
This report focuses on the infrastructure to promote physical activity, repair and improvement of facilities, adequacy of physical services, and creating and maintaining supportive municipal physical activity services.
11. Active Living by Design
Active Living by Design (ALbD) provides expertise aimed at increasing routine physical activity and healthy eating through changes in community design. The ALbD Community Action Model, which emphasizes a socio-ecological approach to change and community partnerships that work across disciplines, is a cornerstone of our work.
Established in 2001 as a national program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, ALbD is administered by the North Carolina Institute for Public Health, the service and outreach arm of the UNC School of Public Health in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. ALbD provides technical assistance and strategic consultation to communities, practitioners, professionals, non-profit agencies and philanthropic organizations across the United States.
12. Immediate and Long-term Federal Funding Support Infrastructure
Federation of Canadian Municipalities
This 20-page report includes six key summary statements based on 24 interviews conducted across the country in August of 2006 as well as four principles that guide the work of FCM in this concept.